Aspectos Clínicos da Arterite Temporal The Horton’s disease, also known as giant cells arteritis (GCA), temporal arteritis or cranial arteritis (1) (2), is a chronic . arteritis, and temporal arteritis) is the most common of the systemic vasculitides . Groupe de Recherche sur l’Artérite à Cellules Géantes. RESUMO – É raro doença encéfalo-vascular como primeira manifestação de arterite temporal. Relatamos dois casos, nos quais o diagnóstico emergiu da.

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A stronger knowledge about the beginning, development and diagnosis of the temporal arteritis will contribute for the treatment evolution and possibility of more satisfactory prognoses.

The inflammatory process typical of giant cells arteritis artdrite generally superposed to the arteriosclerotic changes found in adults and old-aged. Biopsy was directed to a particular temporal artery segment in those arterlte in whom a halo sign in CDS was found.

Foreign Hemolytic disease of the newborn. So we can say the more elastic tissue there is in the artery, the greater the probability to develop Giant Cells Arteritis 7, 8. While the ophthalmic and ciliary posterior arteries contain a moderate quantity of elastic tissue, the retina central artery doesn’t contain much elastin, mainly when it penetrates the optical nerve sheath, and specially after perforating the nerve templral 9.

Lots of aspects of the Horton’s disease te,poral not have their due elucidation and, even being a disease that affects many adults, it doesn’t have deep investigations in great quantity. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

What Is Giant Cell Arteritis? – American Academy of Ophthalmology

Doppler waveform at temporal artery trunk indicative of stenosis in a patient without giant cell arteritis. Blindness caused by GCA generally happens first in one eye, but can also tempporal in the other eye if the condition is not treated. In the second case, the final diagnosis was tuberculosis infection; biopsy results were negative for GCA in both patients. Finally, our results may allow us to partially modify an established algorithm for the approach to diagnosing GCA, introduced by Hellmann and Hunder [ 3 ].


M Karahaliou participated in the design of the study, performed CDS, and helped to draft the manuscript. Retrieved 10 February The percentage is also higher in persons with a history of smoking. Services on Demand Journal.

Giant-cell arteritis – Wikipedia

Schmidt and colleagues were the first ttemporal propose ultrasonography as a quick, easy, and non-invasive test for identifying GCA, before biopsy [ 9 – 11 ]. Thank you Your feedback has been sent.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Proposed algorithm for the approach to diagnose giant cell arteritis GCA modified from Hellmann and Hunder [3]. Predictors of recurrent ischemic optic neuropathy in giant cell arteritis.

Campimetric defects and cortical blindness, resulting from the vertebral, carotid and hypofisary arteries involvement have also been reported 9. The differential diagnosis includes dental problems, trigeminal neuralgia, sinusitis, otitis, blood vessels or ocular muscles alterations, among many other causes of headache Because extracranial branches of the carotid artery are commonly affected, the most dreadful complication of the disease is blindness, which should be prevented by high index of suspicion and timely treatment with corticosteroids [ 1 ].

Such comparisons may be biased because these criteria have been developed for patients with vasculitis, whereas in the clinical setting a given elderly patient with suspected GCA may suffer from infectious or neoplastic diseases, as was the case in up to one third of the patients in our cohort. Provided that no other diagnosis could be established after a complete medical history, clinical examination, and routine laboratory examinations and chest X-ray, the inclusion criteria included at least one of the following: Incidence of temporal arteritis in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica: The patient have had right hemiparesis, aphasia and a left visual disturbance in the first episode; now she had severe bilateral visual disturbance.


The adventitious layer inflammation is prominent 8, 9. The therapeutic impact of temporal artery biopsy.

What Is Giant Cell Arteritis?

A differential diagnostic dilemma”. Along this line, although a true positive finding cannot be ruled out in our patient with tuberculosis, the halo that was demonstrated in this particular case may represent a low examination quality. Com suspeita de arterite temporal a paciente foi internada. Tapering may require two or more years. At follow-up CDS examinations performed at 2 and 4 weeks after initiation of corticosteroid treatment for GCA, halos disappeared in all 18 patients 9 and 9, respectively.

However the mydriasis associated with ophthalmoplegia has been reported. British Journal of Surgery. It is more common in women than in men by a ratio of 2: Scot Med J ; Foreign Allergic contact dermatitis Mantoux test. When a stenosis was present at these points, measurements were performed 3—5 mm proximal.

Can my cousin regain vision in his shrunken eye that is currently blind? What are symptoms of GCA? In a recent meta-analysis examining the results of 23 relevant studies, it was concluded that although CDS is a relatively accurate diagnostic method, cautious interpretation of the test results in terms of clinical manifestations and pretest likelihood is essential [ 29 ].

Other possible laboratorial changes include: Vasculitis of the internal carotid artery in Wegener’s granulomatosis: What can I use for my red, itchy eyes after cataract surgery? For this reason, patients should be followed with serial chest X-rays.